An urban region that is highly advanced in terms of overall infrastructure, sustainable real estate, communications and market viability. It is a city where information technology is the principal infrastructure and the basis for providing essential services to residents .There are many technological platforms involved, including but not limited to automated sensor networks and data centers
Its aim is to transform 100 cities by 2019-20.Its features include Adequate water, assured electricity, sanitation, solid waste management, efficient urban mobility and public transport, affordable housing, especially for the poor Also robust IT connectivity and digitization, good governance, especially e-Governance and citizen participation, sustainable environment, safety and security of citizens, particularly women, children and the elderly, health and education.
PROS AND CONS
Firstly, the city will become more sustainable. New innovations will be developed to update the current infrastructure. Secondly, the money that citizens save in wasteful energy use will generate surpluses, increasing discretionary spending. In essence, the benefits of smart cities can be distilled to one underlying principle: done right, information technology and big data enable services and business processes make our lives better. However, a greater reliance on technology has its drawbacks. Inter-connectivity can provide benefits of greater communication, but can also lead to cascading failures. If an intruder or a hacker gains access to the core systems of the tech-reliant city (e.g., the electric grid or surveillance systems used by police), it can result in either city services being shut down or personal information being released.
Rossini of The Architect’s Newspaper notes that big data can be a weapon for oppressors to use to subjugate their people. There is a double-edged nature of smart cities and big data; it has potential to enact real progress but also to wreak havoc. It all depends on those who use the data and to what ends they pursue .As they are envisioned currently, Smart Cities have immense potential, but to realize their potential, governmental framework and economic models have to be developed first. In other words, the media, economists, and some governments present smart cities as a technological problem to which a technical solution can be devised. I believe this is wrong. As the Brookings Institution notes, “developing a focused, forward-looking economic vision that targets long-term productivity, inclusivity, and resiliency is the first step in making cities smarter.” Devising smart technological solutions to political and economic solutions will lend a purpose to the use of this technology, making citizens’ lives more effective.
Secondly, I think the issue of security is one that engineers behind smart cities need to solve. Clearly, we have the capability to harness data in a way that can make citizens safer. Although we can decrease police response time, and create apps that allow citizens to travel safely, the network itself can never be fully secured. Until society views technology as a tool to achieve a greater future instead of a cure-all to endemic problems, smart cities will not reach their full potential.
– NAVEEN DANIEL, I-YEAR, PGDM